• # AP PHYSICS 2 TOPICS AND SUBTOPICS

## Unit 1 – Fluid statics and dynamics.

• Density
• Hydrostatic Pressure
• Pascal’s Principle
• Buoyancy
• Flow rate and continuity
• Bernoulli’s principle and equation

## Unit 2 – Thermodynamics: Laws of thermodynamics, ideal gases, and kinetic theory.

• Temperature and thermal equilibrium
• Kinetic theory of solids, thermal expansion of solids.
• Specific heat and
• Ideal gas Law, Boyle/Charles/Guy-Lussac combined gas Laws.
• Kinetic theory of gases, statistics of molecular speeds and kinetic energies.
• First Law of thermodynamics
• PV diagrams and thermodynamic processes
• Entropy and the second Law of thermodynamics
• Heat engines, Carnot cycle and efficiency.

## Unit 3 - Electrostatics: electric force, electric field, and electric potential.

• Charge, conservation of charge, quantization of charge.
• Conductors, dielectrics, and electrostatics.
• Coulomb’s Law
• Electric Field: the force exerted by an E-field and sources of E-field.
• Electric field vector diagrams.
• Electric potential and electric potential difference.
• Electric potential energy (between charges or due to an electric potential)
• Parallel plates
• Relationship between E-field and E-potential
• Electric Potential Isoline diagrams

## Unit 4 – DC circuits and RC circuits (steady state-only)

• Meaning of voltage, electric current, resistance, and power.
• Relationships between voltage, electric current, resistance, and power (Ohm’s Law).
• Resistivity and resistor building.
• Series, parallel and mixed circuits.
• Kirchhoff’s Laws.
• Qualitative light bulb circuits.
• Ammeters and voltmeters.
• Capacitors: Charge, voltage and capacitance.
• Capacitance building.
• Dielectrics.
• Series and parallel capacitor combinations.
• Capacitors in circuits: initial and steady-state behavior.

## Unit 5 – Magnetism and electromagnetic induction.

• Magnetic force on moving charges and electric current carrying wires.
• Magnetic field created by bar magnets and solenoids.
• Magnetic field created by a straight wire.
• Interactions between two wires.
• Ferromagnetism, Diamagnetism, and magnetic domains
• Electromagnetic induction
• Magnetic Flux
• Faraday’s Law and Lenz’s Law
• Motional EMF

## Unit 6 – Geometric and physical optics.

• Snell’s Law and total internal reflection.
• Reflection and plane mirrors.
• Curved mirrors and image forming.
• Lenses and image forming.
• Diffraction, single slit, two slit, and diffraction grating interference.
• Thin film interference
• Light as an electromagnetic wave
• Polarization of light

## Unit 7 – Quantum Physics, atomic, and nuclear physics

• Relativity of time, length, mass and the speed of light.
• Mass-energy equivalence.
• Photoelectric effect.
• Photon model of light.
• Atomic Energy levels and spectra.
• Wave-particle duality and quantum wave functions (including statistical interpretation).
• Structure of the nucleus
• Binding energy, and mass defect.
• Nuclear reactions, conservation of charge and mass number.
• Fission and fusion.