• Eyes

    Eye Care

    The wonders of the world are first encountered through the eyes of a  child. Yet without good vision, a child's ability to learn about the world becomes more difficult. Vision problems affect one in 20 preschoolers and one in four school-age children. Since many vision problems begin at an early age, it is very important that children receive proper eye care. Untreated eye problems can worsen and lead to other serious problems as well as affect learning ability, personality and adjustment in school. It is possible for your child to have a serious vision problem without your being aware of it. Any concern  about abnormalities in the appearance of the eyes or vision should be investigated.

     

    SIGNS OF POSSIBLE EYE PROBLEMS IN CHILDREN INCLUDE:

     

    • Behavior
              
      Rubs eyes excessively
      Shuts or covers one eye
      Tilts or thrusts head forward
      Has difficulty with reading or other close-up work
      Holds objects close to eyes
      Blinks more than usual or is irritable when doing close-up work
      Is unable to see distant things clearly
      Squints eyelids together or frowns

    • Complaints

     

    Eyes itch, burn or feel scratchy
    Cannot see well
    Dizziness, headaches or nausea following close-up work
    Blurred or double vision
     

     

    COMMON CHILDREN’S EYE PROBLEMS INCLUDE:
     
    Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)

     

    Amblyopia, also known as "lazy eye," is reduced vision in an eye that has not received adequate use during early childhood. Most often, it results from either a misalignment of a child's eyes, such as crossed eyes, or a difference in image quality between the two eyes (one eye focusing better that the other). In both cases, one eye becomes stronger, suppressing the image from the other. If this condition persists, the weaker eye may become useless.                

     

    Strabismus (Squint)

     

    Strabismus exists when one eye does not aim directly at an object of interest to which the other eye is aimed. The eye turn may be present always or only occasionally, and the turn may be inward toward the nose (crossed eye) or outward toward the side (wall eye). Untreated, this condition can lead to amblyopia.

     

    Myopia (Nearsightedness)

     

    In myopia, the eyeball is too long for the normal focusing power of the eye. As a result, images of distant objects appear blurred.

     

    Hyperopia (Farsightedness)

     

    In this condition, the eyeball is too short for the normal focusing power of the eye. In children, the lens in the eye accommodates for this error and provides clear vision for distance and usually near viewing, but with considerable effort that often causes fatigue and sometimes crossed eyes  (strabismus).

     

    Astigmatism

     

    Astigmatism results primarily from an irregular shape of the front surface of the cornea, the transparent "window" at the front of the eye. Persons with astigmatism typically see vertical lines more clearly than horizontal ones, and sometimes the reverse.
     

    IMPORTANT

     

    If your child exhibits one or more of these signs, please seek professional eye care. A professional eye exam is recommended shortly after birth, by six months of age, before entering school (four or five years old) and periodically throughout school years. Regular eye exams are important since some eye problems have no signs or symptoms

                                                                                                             Eyes

     

     

Last Modified on October 9, 2014