Speech and Language Therapy
Speech is the verbal means of communicating. Speech consists of the following:
Articulation-how speech sounds are made
Voice-use of the vocal folds and breathing to produce sound
Fluency-the rhythm of speech
**When a person has trouble understanding others (receptive language), or sharing thoughts, ideas and feelings completely (expressive language), then he or she may have a language disorder.
**When a person is unable to produce speech sounds correctly or fluently or has problems with his or her voice, then he or she has a speech disorder.
Language and speech disorders can exist together or by themselves. The problem can be mild or severe.
In a public school setting, speech and language therapy is considered a related service. Students that receive speech and language therapy typically have an IEP and qualify for services if they have a disabling condition that adversally impacts their ability to access the curriculum in the classroom.
In some instances, there is a possibility that a school-age child can be eligible for speech services to target articulation only.
Information taken from the ASHA webpage.